Application of Multiple-imputation-particle-filter for Parameter Estimation of Visual Binary Stars with Incomplete Observations



Rub´en M. Claver´ıa David Acu˜na Ren´e A. M´endez Jorge F. Silva Marcos E. Orchard


In visual binary stars, mass estimation can be accomplished through the study of their orbital parameters –Kepler’s Third Law establishes a strict mathematical relation between orbital period, orbit size (semi-major axis) and the system total mass. Although, in theory, few observations on the plane of the sky may be enough to obtain a decent estimate for binary star orbits, astronomers must frequently deal with the problem of partial measurements (i.e.; observations having one component missing, either in (X; Y ) or (; ) representation), which are often discarded. This article presents a particlefilter-based method to perform the estimation and uncertainty characterization of these orbital parameters in the context of
partial measurements. The proposed method uses a multiple imputation strategy to cope with the problem of missing data. The algorithm is tested on synthetic data of relative position of binary stars. The following cases are studied: i) fully available data (ground truth); ii) incomplete observations are discarded; iii) multiple imputation approach is used. In comparison to a situation where partial observations are ignored,
a significant reduction in the empirical estimation variance is observed when using multiple imputation schemes; with no numerically significant decrease on estimate accuracy.

How to Cite

Claver´ıa, R. M., Acu˜na, D., M´endez, R. A., Silva, J. F., & Orchard, M. E. (2016). Application of Multiple-imputation-particle-filter for Parameter Estimation of Visual Binary Stars with Incomplete Observations. Annual Conference of the PHM Society, 8(1).
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Model-based Prognostics, Parameter Estimation, Particle Filtering

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