Rolling element bearings are critical components in industrial rotating machines. Faults and failures of bearings can cause degradation of machine performance or even a catastrophe. Bearing fault diagnosis is therefore essential and significant to safe and reliable operation of systems. For bearing condition monitoring, acoustic emission (AE) signals attract more and more attention due to its advantages on sensitivity over the extensively used vibration signal. In bearing fault diagnosis and prognosis, feature extraction is a critical and tough work, which always involves complex signal processing and computation. Moreover, features greatly rely on the characteristics, operating conditions, and type of data. With consideration of changes in operating conditions and increase of data complexity, traditional diagnosis approaches are insufficient in feature extraction and fault diagnosis. To address this problem, this paper proposes a Deep Belief Network (DBN) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) based fault diagnosis approach using AE signal. This proposed approach combines the advantages of deep learning and statistical analysis, DBN automatically extracts features from AE signal, PCA is applied to dimensionality reduction. Different bearing fault modes are identified by least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM) using the extracted features. An experimental case is conducted with a tapered roller bearing to verify the proposed approach. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed approach has excellent feature extraction ability and high fault classification accuracy.
How to Cite
Bearing, Diagnosis, Deep belief network, principal component analysis, least square support vector machine
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