Turn-off Time as a Precursor for Gate Bipolar Transistor Latch-up Faults in Electric Motor Drives

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Douglas Brown Manzar Abbas Antonio Ginart Irfan Ali Patrick Kalgren George Vachtsevanos

Abstract

In this paper, effects preceding a latch-up fault in insulated gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs) are studied as they manifest within an electric motor drive system. Primary failure modes associated with IGBT latch-up faults are reviewed. Precursors to latch-up, primarily an increase in turn-off time and junction temperature, are examined for the IGBT. In addition, the relationship between junction temperature and turn-off time is explained by examining the semiconductor properties of an IGBT. To evaluate the effects preceding latch-up, seeded fault testing is conducted using aged transistors induced with a fault located in the die-attach solder layer. Since junction temperature cannot be directly measured, the transistor turn-off time is used as a measured system parameter to correlate between healthy and fault conditions. The experimental results provide statistically significant evidence (within 99% confidence) that an IGBT latchup event, caused by elevated junction temperatures, can be detected by monitoring the transistor turn-off time insitu.

How to Cite

Brown, D., Abbas, M., Ginart, A., Ali, I., Kalgren, P., & Vachtsevanos, G. (2010). Turn-off Time as a Precursor for Gate Bipolar Transistor Latch-up Faults in Electric Motor Drives. Annual Conference of the PHM Society, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.36001/phmconf.2010.v2i1.1885
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Keywords

diagnosis, IGBT, latch-up

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Technical Papers

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