As integral components of any power plant, transformers sup-ply the generated electricity to the grid. However, the trans-former’s cellulose-based paper insulation and the mineral oilin which it is immersed break down over time under stan-dard operating conditions—or more rapidly due to potentialfaults within the system. This technical brief exhibits a col-lection of diagnostic and prognostic techniques that utilitiescan adopted in lieu of labor-intense periodic preventive main-tenance routines. Furthermore, prognostic models have beenincorporated using the latest version of the Institute of Elec-trical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) standard (IEEE StdC57.104TM-2019) for dissolved gas analysis (DGA), thusexpanding it to include estimation of the time to maintenance.Overall, four different methodologies are explained, each ofwhich aid in determining a transformer’s state of health. Thesemethodologies include the Chendong model, the IEEE C57.91-2011 thermal life consumption model, a diagnostic model forDGA, and a prognostic model for DGA that uses an autore-gressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model. An ad-ditional improvement for estimating missing system parame-ters from monitoring data (i.e., a tool for parameter estimationutilizing Powell’s method) is presented, enabling the IEEEthermal life consumption model to benefit not only the col-laborating power plant, but also the power industry at large.
health monitoring, prognostic, diagnostic, chendong model, dissolved gas analysis, transformer
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