Vibration Based Blind Identification of Bearing Failures for Autonomous Wireless Sensor Nodes
Despite all the attention received by maintainers, undetected roller bearings failures are still a major source of concern in relation with reliability losses and high maintenance costs. Because of that, bearing condition assessment through vibration monitoring remains an intensive topic of scientific research, focusing on the definition of monitoring strategies that allow early stage damage detection, failure causes identification and remaining life prediction. Next to the developments on signal processing, new opportunities of advanced monitoring platforms are devised as those based on Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). The combination of integrated sensing, embedded computing and wireless communication provides interesting elements on the development of a new generation of vibration monitoring systems. The algorithms for bearing assessment remain a crucial point for achieving a balance between efficient monitoring strategies and highly flexible monitoring platforms. Though current trends on signal processing for mechanical vibrations focuses on the development of robust techniques, the constraints of embedded processing in relation to energy and memory consumption hamper their implementation on WSN.
The present paper discusses the problem of bearing condition characterization from the basis of extraction of damage features associated with the specific stage of its deterioration process. This, other than data driven methods, allow to find the best compromise between robustness of the bearing assessment algorithm and the applicability of the algorithm on a WSN. Two cases are presented as validation of this approach: an artificial damage on a lab setup and a train bearing, for which the possibilities for detection, diagnostics and prognostics are discussed. The advantages and constraints of the use of autonomous wireless sensor nodes is discussed as final part of the paper.
How to Cite
bearing diagnostics, , blind identification
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