Permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) is a leading technology for electric vehicles (EVs) and other high-performance industrial applications. These challenging applications demand robust fault diagnosis schemes, but conventional strategies based on models, system knowledge, and signal transformation have limitations that degrade the agility of diagnosing faults. These methods require extremely detailed design and consideration to remain robust against noise and disturbances in the actual application. Recent advancements in artificial intelligence and machine learning have proven to be promising next-generation solutions for fault diagnosis. In this paper, a support-vector machine (SVM) utilizing sparse representation is developed to perform sensor fault diagnosis of a PMSM. A simulation model of the pertinent PMSM drive system for automotive applications is used to generate a set of labelled training example sets that the SVM uses to determine margins between normal and faulty operating conditions. The PMSM model includes input as a torque reference profile and disturbance as a constant road grade, against both of which faults must be detectable. Even with limited training, the SVM classifier developed in this paper is capable of diagnosing faults with a high degree of accuracy, suggesting that such methods are feasible for the demanding fault diagnosis challenge in PMSM.
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fault diagnosis, support vector machine, permanent magnet synchronous motor
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