A Simple Hybrid Model for Estimating Remaining Useful Life of SiC MOSFETs in Power Cycling Experiments

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Published Sep 4, 2023
Mattias P. Eng Andreas Lövberg Maciej Misiorny Wilhelm Söderkvist Vermelin Klas Brinkfeldt Madhav Mishra

Abstract

Recording and prediction of the accumulated damage, which will eventually lead to the failure of power electronic modules, is an aspect of high importance for power electronic systems design and, in particular, for development of Prognostic and Health Management (PHM) schemes for in-field applications. To this end, this paper presents a simple and cost-effective prognostic method for predicting the remaining useful life (RUL) of TO-247 packaged silicon carbide (SiC) metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) subjected to power cycling experiments. The model assumes that the major failure mode is bond-wire lift-off and uses a damage accumulation scheme based on Paris’ crack law. The only inputs to the model are historical data on the average junction temperature swing and the temperature-compensated drain-source ON-state resistance at the peak temperature of the current cycle. Using only these two input values, the model is shown to predict RUL with surprising accuracy for the range of constant current loads determining cycling conditions under which the test data series have been acquired. This work is a first step in an ongoing project towards building more elaborate prognostic schemes for RUL-determination of SiC power MOSFETs in actual working conditions, using physics-informed neural networks (PINNs).  

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Keywords

SiC, MOSFET, RUL, Paris’ law, Power cycling, Damage accumulation, Wire bond

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Special Session Papers