Application of Bayesian Family Classifiers for Cutting Tool Inserts Health Monitoring on CNC Milling
The customized usage of tool inserts plays an imperative role in the economics of machining operations. Eventually, any in-process defects in the cutting tool lead to deterioration of complete machining activity. Such defects are untraceable by the conventional practices of condition monitoring. The characterization of such in-process tool defects needs to be addressed smartly. This would also assist the requirement of ‘self-monitoring’ in Industry 4.0. In this context, induction of supervised Machine Learning (ML) classifiers to design empirical classification models for tool condition monitoring is presented herein. The variation in faulty and fault-free tool condition is collected in terms of vibrations during the face milling process on CNC (Computer Numerically Controlled) machine tool. The statistical approach is incorporated to extract attributes and the dimensionality of the attributes is reduced using the J48 decision tree algorithm. The various conditions of tool inserts are then classified using two supervised algorithms viz. Bayes Net and Naïve Bayes from the Bayesian family.
condition monitoring, machine learning, vibration analysis, Accelerometer, Tool insert, CNC milling, time domain, descriptive statistics
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