Bearing health monitoring using optical fiber sensors

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.sidebar##

Published Jul 5, 2016
Shlomi Konforty Michael Khmelnitsky Iddo Kressel Renata Klein Moshe Tur Jacob Bortman

Abstract

Bearings are vital elements in rotating machinery. Failures in bearings can result in irreversible damage. Therefore, early detection of bearing damage and monitoring of fault severity are necessary for optimization of maintenance decisions.
The classical methods for bearing monitoring are based on analysis of vibration signals captured by accelerometers, usually located on the machine case. Two difficulties arise when diagnosing bearings in that manner. The first difficulty is the distortion of the signals due to the transmission path to the sensor. The second difficulty is the characteristic low signal to noise ratio, resulting from the weak bearing signals in the presence of the strong surrounding noise, originating from the vibrations of other rotating components in the machine.
The goal of the present study was to research the possibility of using an optical fiber sensor of the Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) type, which senses strain and temperature changes, for bearing diagnostics. Due to its small dimensions, this sensor can be embedded close to, or even inside the bearing, suggesting a possible solution to the two difficulties which were discussed above.
The results of this study open new options to monitor and detect early failure signs in critical bearings. FBG-based diagnostics was found applicable and useful for detecting damage in bearings.
The analysis of signals measured on bearings with various widths of spall, demonstrates the power of the FBG-based local sensing methodology. In addition, the study also aimed to understand the capabilities and limitations of FBG for wideband sensing, and the effect of different sensor attaching techniques on the signal.

How to Cite

Konforty, S., Khmelnitsky, M., Kressel, I., Klein, R., Tur, M., & Bortman, J. (2016). Bearing health monitoring using optical fiber sensors. PHM Society European Conference, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.36001/phme.2016.v3i1.1624
Abstract 1899 | PDF Downloads 240

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Bearing Health Monitoring, FBG sensors, wideband sensing

References
M Khmelnitsky, J Bortman, U Ben-Simon, R Klein and M Tur,(2015) Improved bearing sensing for prognostics: from vibrations to optical fibres Insight - Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring, Vol. 57, Num. 8, August 2015, pp. 437-441(5)
A Heng, S Zhang, A C Tan and J Mathew, „Rotating machinery prognostics,(2009): State of the art, challenges and opportunities. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 724–739, Apr.
N Sawalhi and R B Randall,(2008), Semi-automated bearing diagnostics – three case studies. School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering. The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
A D Kersey, M A Davis, H J Patrick, M LeBlanc, K P Koo, C G Askins, M A Putnam and E J Friebele,(1997), Fiber Grating Sensors, Lightwave Technology, Journal of vol. 15, no. 8, August.
K Jones, C Staveley, JF Vialla, (2014), Condition monitoring of a subsea pump using fibre optic sensing , 23rd International Conference on Optical Fibre Sensors, Proc. of SPIE Vol. 9157, 91579Q
G Kogan, S Shaharabany, I Itzhak, J Bortman and R Klein, (2013), Towards Model Based Prognostics - Characterization of Fault Size in Bearings, Annual Conference of the PHM Society.
M Mendelovich, Y Sanders, G Kogan, M Battat, R Klein and J Bortman, (2014), Characterization of Fault Size in Bearings, Annual Conference of the PHM Society.
K C Gayan, J Epaarachchi, H Wang, and K T Lau, (2012),Use of FBG sensors for SHM in aerospace structures' Photonic Sensors 2, no. 3, 203-214.
A Othonos and K Kalli.,(1999), Fiber Bragg gratings: fundamentals and applications in telecommunications and sensing. Artech House.
D C Betz, G Thursby, B Culshaw and W J Staszewski, (2006),Advanced layout of a fiber Bragg grating strain gauge rosette, Lightwave Technology, Journal of vol.24, no.2, pp.1019,1026, February.
Acceleration/Vibration Tunable Lasers for Multichannel Fiber-Optic Sensors, Sensors Online, August 1.From: http://www.sensorsmag.com/sensors/acceleration-vibration/tunable-lasers-multichannel-fiber-optic-sensors-823
Section
Technical Papers

Similar Articles

<< < 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.