This paper proposes a data-driven approach for fault-detection and isolation of bogie suspension components with on-board acoustic sensors. The fault detection technique is based on the acoustic emissions variation due to structural modal coupling changes in the presence of faulty components. A suspensions component failure introduces an imbalance into the system, resulting in dynamics interferences between the motions. These interferences modify the energy introduced into the system as well as its acoustic emissions. The unknown arbitrary track irregularities generate together with a variable train speed a random nonstationary vehicle excitation. Speech recognition techniques were used to generate features that consider this phenomenon. Frequency spectrums were analysed in different operating conditions to design efficient features. The robustness of the methodology was verified with data from two different test measurement campaigns on a test ring, where the influence of the sensor locations for the fault classification process was studied. The proposed methodology achieved good fault classification performance on the investigated use cases, removed dampers and 50% damper degradation on primary and secondary vertical suspension.
How to Cite
condition monitoring; data-driven; on-board; suspension; dampers;acoustic sensor
The Prognostic and Health Management Society advocates open-access to scientific data and uses a Creative Commons license for publishing and distributing any papers. A Creative Commons license does not relinquish the author’s copyright; rather it allows them to share some of their rights with any member of the public under certain conditions whilst enjoying full legal protection. By submitting an article to the International Conference of the Prognostics and Health Management Society, the authors agree to be bound by the associated terms and conditions including the following:
As the author, you retain the copyright to your Work. By submitting your Work, you are granting anybody the right to copy, distribute and transmit your Work and to adapt your Work with proper attribution under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States license. You assign rights to the Prognostics and Health Management Society to publish and disseminate your Work through electronic and print media if it is accepted for publication. A license note citing the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License as shown below needs to be placed in the footnote on the first page of the article.
First Author et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.