This paper presents a novel situation-based power and battery health management strategy for fuel cell vehicles. In such hybrid powertrains, the synergy role of batteries is essential to minimize overall power consumption and maintain higher electric efficiency of the fuel cell. On the other side, lifetime degradation of the battery is associated to the recurrent charging/discharging cycles. The proposed power management strategy addresses the trade-off between these contradictive objectives. Vehicle states in each situation are defined in terms of driver-related identification parameters (power demand and speed) corporately with powertrain related ones (on-board battery’s state of charge). Optimal power handling solution for each situation is searched offline considering different optimizations criteria: range extension, lifetime maximization, or power consumption minimization. A weighted fusion of these optimized solutions can be implemented online based on desired driving strategy, leading to situation-based optimized solution. This contribution aims to provide flexible power handling options meeting performance requirements (energy efficiency and driveability) without scarifying battery’s lifetime. Simulation tests using different driving cycles are conducted for evaluation purpose.
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Power management, Battery ageing
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