Prognostics and Health Management (PHM) is widely used to study the health state of the system. However, the application of PHM for micro medical devices is a big challenge since they are made up of multiple components which are complex. Prognostics approaches for complex microsystems should be oriented towards identifying critical components and monitoring them individually. This implies the importance of identifying as much as possible the components that can lead to system failures. This work proposes a methodology to select critical components of a micro medical device for PHM implementation. The micro device is a microgripper composed of four components and four steel wires of 0.08 mm in diameter. A risk analysis is performed according to the requirements of ISO standard 14971 for medical devices. This standard provides some techniques that allow to identify some failures modes which affect the behavior and performance of the final product. This work can be seen as a necessary preliminary step before data collection and PHM implementation for such tiny devices. For that purpose, the Failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) technique is used in order to select critical components. The selection of the critical components is based on a criticality analysis (CA) mainly to prioritize and minimize the effects of critical failure modes that can lead to fault propagation.In addition, some practical guides are presented for PHM development in future works.
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reliability, remaining useful life, risk analysis, prognostics and health management, medical microgrippers, FMEA, FTA
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