Advancements in sensing and computing technologies, the development of human and computer interaction frameworks, big data storage capabilities, and the emergence of cloud storage and could computing have resulted in an abundance of data in modern industry. This data availability has encouraged researchers and industry practitioners to rely on data-based machine learning, specially deep learning, models for fault diagnostics and prognostics more than ever. These models provide unique advantages, however their performance is heavily dependent on the training data and how well that data represents the test data. This issue mandates fine-tuning and even training the models from scratch when there is a slight change in operating conditions or equipment. Transfer learning is an approach that can remedy this issue by keeping portions of what is learned from previous training and transferring them to the new application. In this paper, a unified definition for transfer learning and its different types is provided, Prognostics and Health Management (PHM) studies that have used transfer learning are reviewed in detail, and finally a discussion on TL application considerations and gaps is provided for improving the applicability of transfer learning in PHM.
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PHM, Transfer Learning, Deep Learning, Diagnostics
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