Autonomous Bearing Tone Tracking Algorithm



Published Jun 29, 2022
Alon Sol Eyal Madar Jacob Bortman Renata Klein


To date, much of the research done in the field of condition monitoring of rotating machinery is conducted in the frequency domain. The frequency domain analysis specifically for bearings is based on extracting features from the spectrum of the vibration signature. These features are mostly based on the amplitude at the bearing tones along with their sidebands and high order harmonics. Therefore, it is important to determine the location of the mentioned bearing tones in the spectrum accurately and automatically. For the case of ball bearings this process can be problematic due to slippage of the rolling elements and variations in the angle of contact. These may cause the bearing tone to deviate from its nominal value.

To this day, the common practice for bearing diagnostics is based on the vibration level at the analytical bearing tones or involvement of experts to identify the true location of the bearing tone. In this research an autonomous algorithm for bearing tone extraction, based on pattern matching, was developed. The proposed algorithm is based on the common assumption that the spectrum of a faulted bearing contains a certain known pattern of prominent peaks. The algorithm “scans” the entire spectrum and determines the frequency value which has the highest correlation to the mentioned pattern.

The proposed algorithm was validated and its capabilities are illustrated using experimental data. This algorithm is able to assist any diagnostic approach towards automatic and reliable feature extraction process, both for physics based and data driven approaches.

How to Cite

Sol, A. ., Madar, E., Bortman, J., & Klein, R. . (2022). Autonomous Bearing Tone Tracking Algorithm. PHM Society European Conference, 7(1), 466–472.
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Condition monitoring, Diagnostics, Vibration signals, Bearing tone extraction, Frequency domain

Technical Papers