Well-established metrics such as the Root Mean Square Error or the Mean Absolute Error are not suitable to evaluate estimated distributions of the Remaining Useful Life (i.e., probabilistic prognostics). We therefore propose novel metrics to evaluate the quality of probabilistic Remaining Useful Life prognostics. We estimate the distribution of the Remaining Useful Life of turbofan engines using a Convolutional Neural Network with Monte Carlo dropout. The accuracy and sharpness of the obtained probabilistic prognostics are evaluated using the Continuous Ranked Probability Score (CRPS) and weighted CRPS. The reliability of the obtained probabilistic prognostics is evaluated using the α-Coverage and the Reliability Score. The results show that the estimated distributions of the Remaining Useful Life of turbofan engines are accurate, reliable and sharp when using a Convolutional Neural Network with Monte Carlo dropout. In general, the proposed metrics are suitable to evaluate the accuracy, sharpness and reliability of probabilistic Remaining Useful Life prognostics.
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Remaining Useful Life, Prognostics, Performance Metrics, Convolutional Neural Network
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