Voltage-Based Physical Layer Fault Diagnosis for Controller Area Network
Controller Area Network (CAN) is the most prevalent communication protocol used in the automotive industry. This in-vehicle network provides a means communication between Electronic Control Units (ECUs) and components within the vehicle. The recent rapid development of connected, electric, and autonomous vehicles expands the complexity and information exchange within CAN and demands an increase in the reliability of the network. Efficient system-level diagnosis functions need to be integrated over the network to ensure for reliability and enhance the ease of troubleshooting.
This paper presents a method to identify physical CAN faults such as loss of electrical connections and shorted wires. Fault signatures of predefined physical CAN faults are used to detect and identify the failure modes. The method can identify both permanent and intermittent faults caused by, for instance, damaged connectors and vibrations, respectively.
Diagnosis tasks are implemented on in-vehicle module by measuring and processing physical layer voltages of all CAN buses. A real-time data buffer of a predefined size is utilized to calculate health indicators from the physical layer CAN voltages. The health indicators are then compared to predefined thresholds to determine the presence and type of the fault. Compared to ground truth data, the results show that the presented method can identify with high accuracy physical CAN faults including open electrical connection and shorted wires.
How to Cite
CAN, ECU, Vehicle, Automotive, Failure Modes, Diagnostics, Electrical, Connectors, Network, Physical Layer, Wires
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
The Prognostic and Health Management Society advocates open-access to scientific data and uses a Creative Commons license for publishing and distributing any papers. A Creative Commons license does not relinquish the author’s copyright; rather it allows them to share some of their rights with any member of the public under certain conditions whilst enjoying full legal protection. By submitting an article to the International Conference of the Prognostics and Health Management Society, the authors agree to be bound by the associated terms and conditions including the following:
As the author, you retain the copyright to your Work. By submitting your Work, you are granting anybody the right to copy, distribute and transmit your Work and to adapt your Work with proper attribution under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States license. You assign rights to the Prognostics and Health Management Society to publish and disseminate your Work through electronic and print media if it is accepted for publication. A license note citing the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License as shown below needs to be placed in the footnote on the first page of the article.
First Author et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.