A Data Driven Method for Model Based Diagnostics and Prognostics

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.sidebar##

Michael D. Bryant

Abstract

This article’s model based diagnostics system has four modules. Diagnosis and fault location forms physics models of the machine, measures states off the real in-service machine, generates simulated machine states and simulated sensor outputs for the machine model with loads same as the real machine, and compares simulated sensor outputs to real sensor outputs. The parameter tuning module adjusts (tunes) the parameters of the model until the simulated sensor outputs closely mimic real sensor outputs. Tuning transfers information on the system’s health from the sensor data to the model’s parameters. Parameters changed from nominal values locate faults and bad parts. For the health assessment module to assess machine health, we view a machine as a “machine channel” that organizes power and information flow through the machine. Machines focus power via an organization inherent in its components and design. Broken or degraded components disrupt this organization and the power and information flows. Shannon’s information theory for communications channels can then be applied as a health metric to this “machine channel”. Ageing of components degrades machine functional health. To prognose future health, differential equations that model ageing of the machine’s components are formulated and solved. These equations predict component degradation, and update values of parameters in the model associated with component ageing. With these future parameter values, simulations of the machine operation model can then predict “future” machine behavior, and system health. This article demonstrates these methods on motors and a pump.

How to Cite

D. Bryant , M. . (2014). A Data Driven Method for Model Based Diagnostics and Prognostics. Annual Conference of the PHM Society, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.36001/phmconf.2014.v6i1.2373
Abstract 24 | PDF Downloads 17

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

fault diagnosis, strain sensors, Planetary gearbox

References
Analytic Sciences Corporation. Technical Staff & Gelb, A., (1974). Applied Optimal Estimation. Cambridge, MA: M.I.T. Press.

Bryant, M.D., (2014). Modeling Degradation Using Thermodynamic Entropy, submitted to PHM 2014 Conference.

Bryant, M.D., Khonsari, M.M. & Ling, F.F. (2008). On the thermodynamics of degradation, Proceedings of Royal Society of London Series A, vol. 464 (2096), pp. 2001- 2014, doi:10.1098/rspa.2007.0371.

Bryant, M.D., & Choi, J.H. (2012). Model based fault diagnostics of induction motor and centrifugal pump, Proceedings of MFPT 2012 Conference. April 24- 26, Dayton, OH.

Bryant M.D., Nakhaeinejad M. & Choi J., (2011). Model based diagnostics and fault assessment of induction motors with incipient faults, Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series, vol. 8, pp. 439 – 449.

Costuros T., (2013). Application of Communication Theory to Health Assessment, Degradation Quantification, and Robot Cause Diagnosis, Doctoral dissertation, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, https://repositories.lib.utexas.edu/bitstream/handle/2152 /21566/COSTUROS-DISSERTATION-2013.pdf.

Costuros, T. & Bryant, M.D. (2014). Application of information theory’s channel capacity as an industry machine health and diagnostic metric. Proceedings of MFPT 2014
Conference. May 19-22, Virginia Beach, VA.

Haykin, S. S. (2001). Kalman Filtering and Neural Networks. New York: Wiley.

Nakhaeinejad, M. & Bryant, M. D., (2011). Observability Analysis for Model-Based Fault Detection and Sensor Selection in Induction Motors, Journal of Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 22(7), pp. 075202.

Rengarajan, S.B., (2010). A Method for Parameter Estimation and System Identification for Model Based Diagnostics Masters Thesis, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX.

Shannon, C.E. & Weaver, W., (1948). The Mathematical Theory of Communication, Urbana, IL: The University of Illinois Press.

Shannon C. E. (1949). Communication in the presence of noise, Proceedings of the IRE, vol. 37, pp. 10 – 21.
Section
Technical Papers