Efficient Drive-Based Analysis of Fault Detection Measures in Safety-Related Pneumatic Systems



Andreas Barner Jan Bredau Frank Schiller


The focus of this research is on safety-related open-loop controlled pneumatic systems. The top events of those fault trees (FT) would represent functional failures of the system at the highest level of the design. By monitoring the top event of FT by means of signal-based diagnostic methods, each possible failure within the system becomes potentially detectable. This property is deployed explicitly in the proposed approach regarding pneumatic systems. Thus, the system under control is encapsulated, and comprehensive fault detection up to a Diagnostic Coverage of greater than 99% is achievable with tremendously less effort compared to conventional solutions. In this way, a layered system model including a safety-layer similar to current safety-related solutions to fail-safe communication and data processing has been established.

How to Cite

Barner, A., Bredau, J. ., & Schiller, F. (2010). Efficient Drive-Based Analysis of Fault Detection Measures in Safety-Related Pneumatic Systems. Annual Conference of the PHM Society, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.36001/phmconf.2010.v2i1.1918
Abstract 7 | PDF Downloads 4



diagnostics, Pneumatic Systems, Safety, Fault Tree

BARNER, A., J. BREDAU, and F. SCHILLER. 2009. Efficient Fault Detection in Safety-Related Pneumatic Control by Conceptual Encapsulation. In: IFAC, (ed). 7th IFAC Symposium on Fault Detection, Supervision and Safety of Technical Processes, 2009. Barcelona.

BREDAU, J., W. GAUCHEL, and A. RIEK. 2008. Möglichkeiten von Diagnose für pneumatische Antriebstechnik. In: Automation 2008, 2008. Baden- Baden: VDI, pp.93-96.

DIN. 1990. DIN 1343: Reference conditions, normal conditions, normal volume; concepts and values. Berlin: Beuth.

DIN. 1990. DIN 25424-2: Fault tree analysis; manual calculation procedures for the evaluation of a fault tree. Berlin: Beuth.

GOBLE, W. M. and H. CHEDDIE. 2005. Safety Instrumented Systems Verification: Practical Probalistic Calculations. Research Triangle Park, NC: ISA.

HUMMEL, M., J. MOTTOK, and R. EGEN et al. 2006. Generische Safety-Architektur für Kfz-Software. Hanser Automotive, 11, pp.52-54.
IEC. 2006. IEC 61025: Fault tree analysis (FTA). Geneva: IEC
IEC. 1998. IEC 61508-1: Functional safety of electrical/electronic/programmable electronic safety- related systems - Part 1: General requirements. Geneva: IEC.
ISO. 2009. ISO 1217: Displacement compressors - Acceptance tests. Geneva: ISO.

ISO. 2007. ISO 19973-1: Pneumatic fluid power - Assessment of component reliability by testing - General procedures. Geneva: ISO.

KELLER, R. and J. BREDAU. 2008. Diagnostic Device for At Least One Pneumatic Value Actuator Arrangement. US02008/0065355 A1. MURRENHOFF, H. 2006. Fundamentals of Fluid Power Technology. Aachen: Shaker.

SCHAEFER, M. and T. BORK. 2007. Tangible and transparent use of reliability data for functional safety "The sense and nonsenes of quantification". In: T. N. E. C. E. I. A. (NECA), (ed). 5th International Conference
“Safety of Industrial Automated Systems”, 2007. Tokio:, pp.370-375.

STRIPF, W. and H. BARTHEL. 2005. PROFIsafe - Safety Technology with PROFIBUS. In: R. ZURAWSKI, (ed). The Industrial Information Technology Handbook, 2005. Boca Raton: CRC Press, pp.1-20.

VESELY, W., J. DUGAN, and J. FRAGOLA et al. 2002. Fault Tree Handbook with Aerospace Applications. Washington, DC: NASA. WATSON, H. A. 1961. Launch Control Safety Study. Murray Hill:, pp.Section VII, Volume 1.
Poster Presentations